June 20, 2024


Bidud (Self-isolation) Rules and Instructions

Last updated: November 12, 2020
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Below you will find

  1. Bidud concept in short
  2. Who needs 14 days of Bidud
  3. Who needs a limited time of Bidud
  4. Recovered Patient Updated Rules
  5. Exposure to Covid-19 Rules
  6. Detailed instructions on how to do Bidud
  7. Mikvah Guidelines
  8. Potential Ride options to receive a corona test
  9. How to get your test results

Bidud In Short

Getting Home

Upon discovery of Bidud requirement (even upon arrival at airport) do not use public transportation. Instead, walk or go home immediately in a taxi with the windows open. The driver should wear a mask. (Sanitize your door handle to protect those who may come to help you and inadvertently touch the handle…) | Stay home for 14 days

Staying Home

Staying home includes: 1) No Shopping, 2) No taking out the garbage, 3) No walks, 4) No Minyan, 4) No Mikvah for Women, Men, or utensils, | (See Below for Details of how to do bidud!)


  1. No one may enter your home. You may not open your door to interact with anyone; even people who offer to take out your trash or do your shopping for you.
  2. If you are infected, so might be your credit card and trash. When arranging for a friend to shop or remove your garbage from outside your house; you must take this into account and arrange for appropriate precautions.

Contact Misrad Habriut

  • You must contact Misrad Habriut & update them as to where you live.

The Ministry of Health Novel Coronavirus and Isolation Hotline
Available Sun-Sat 08:00-22:00

Tel: *5400 or 08-6241010
Chat in the WhatsApp application at 050-7925400 (Hebrew only)
E-mail: Habriut@moh.health.gov.il

Note: Foreign nationals should contact the Ministry of Health Hotline

Leaving in Case of Emergency

In case of medical emergency, you must inform emergency personnel that you are in bidud. You can only leave your home with permission from medical personnel.


Who Needs 14 Days of Bidud?

  • Travelers from Abroad
  • Covid-19 Patients
  • Anyone in Proximity of a Covid-19 Patient


Who Needs Limited Bidud?

  • Anyone with Fever over 38 Celsius/100.4 F

Take temperature twice a day | Must stay in bidud until temperature does not exceed 37.5 Celsius/99.5 F for 48 HOURS


Recovered Patient Rules

  1. A Covid-19 positive person with no symptoms needs to be in bidud separate from his or her family for 10 days from the date of his or her positive result (the result no the test).
  2. Then only with the Ishur of his or her doctor and sometimes the Kupah nurse he or she  can be declared “cured” and no longer have to be in bidud.
  3. If the Covid-19 positive person has symptoms then they need to be in bidud for a minimum of ten days from the date of the Covid-19 positive result plus three days with no symptoms. Then with the ishur of the Kupah doctor they can be declared “cured” and no longer have to be in bidud.


Regarding Contacts:

people who are in bidud because they were exposed to a Covid-19 positive person:

  1. For a person who came into contact with a Covid-19 positive person they have to be in bidud for 14 days from the date and hour that they were last exposed to the Covid-19 positive person.
  2. This person still needs to be in bidud for 14 days even if he or she has no symptoms.
  3. This person still needs to be in bidud for 14 days even if her, or she did a test and were found to be negative.
  4. If this person is together with the Covid-19 positive person than the 14 days starts every day anew – as it begins from the last exposure.



How Do I/We Do Bidud?

Ministry of Health Home Isolation Guidance

Guidance for the person under isolation:

  1. Stay indoors.
  2. Stay in a separate, well-ventilated room with a closed door. Exit the room if necessary, for very short periods only. Cover your mouth and nose with a face mask. Several individuals of the same household can be isolated in the same room. If all household members require isolation, there is no restriction within the home.
  3. Wash hands (Hebrew) with soap and water or clean them with an alcohol-based sanitizer before and after food preparation, before eating, and before and after using the toilet.
  4. Soap and water should be used if hands are visibly dirty. It is preferable to use disposable paper for hand drying.
  5. If available, use a separate bathroom.
  6. Keep mouth and nose covered while sneezing or coughing. Cough or sneeze into a disposable tissue or sleeve. This is to prevent the virus from spreading. Immediately afterward, wash hands with soap and water or disinfect them with an alcohol-based sanitizer.
  7. If breastfeeding, wash hands before touching the infant. Wear a face mask or any other cloth while nursing. If expressing breast milk with a breast pump, wash hands before touching the pump or bottle parts, and if possible, consider having someone who is well, feed breast milk to the infant.
  8. If fever or respiratory symptoms develop, or any other medical condition, call an HMO clinic or your HMO Hotline (if you are not medically insured, contact the Ministry of Health Hotline at *5400). If it is an emergency, call MDA Emergency Services at 101 or go to a hospital emergency ward.


Guidelines for a group or family in home isolation (in addition to the guidelines above):

  1. If there are several people in isolation in the same household, they can stay together in the same room.
  2. If all household members are required to be in  isolation, they can stay in all the rooms of the house.
  3. As much as possible, physical contact should be avoided between the residents.
  4. Do not share items without cleaning them in between use, including dishes and utensils.
  5. Before and after caring for a child, wash hands with soap and water.
  6. It is recommended to use toys that can be cleaned after use.


General guidance:

  1. There should be only one person who enters and exits the room of the isolated person or persons. This person should be a healthy person with no other diseases which might further increase their risk.
  2. No home visitors are allowed.
  3. Make sure that the common areas in the home, such as the kitchen and the bathroom, are well ventilated.
  4. Avoid entering the room of the isolated person or persons as much as possible. Upon entering the isolation space, cover your mouth and nose, preferably with a face mask  A cloth can also be used. Do not touch face mask while wearing it.
  5. Use disposable products, such as gloves, when exposed to the isolated person and the home isolation space, including dirty surfaces, clothes, or bed sheets.
  6. Avoid direct contact with body fluids, especially oral secretions, airway secretions, urine, and feces of the isolated person.
  7. Wash hands with soap and water or disinfect them with an appropriate alcohol-based sanitizer after every contact with the isolated person, the person’s belongings, or immediate environment, before eating, and after using the toilet. There is a preference to wash with soap and water over sanitizer, if the hands have visible dirt.
  8. Surfaces should be cleaned and disinfected at least once a day, such as handles, light switches, toilets and showers, bedside tables, bed frames and other furniture in the isolated persons’ room, with standard household disinfectant (soap or alcohol-based – at least 70%). If possible, clean with 1000 ml of chlorine solution (e.g. “bleach” containing sodium chloride – take 40 ml of bleach and dilute in 1 liter of water). Allow the surfaces/items to dry. Gloves and a gown or apron should be used during the cleaning processes.
  9. Bed linen and laundry must be changed at least twice a week. All laundry of the isolated person must be stored separately in the isolation room until the time of washing. Care should be taken to avoid dirty laundry from coming into contact with other items, including clean laundry. Washing must be done separately, on a washing program of at least 65 °C. Use regular laundry detergent.
  10. Disposable products such as gloves, tissues, masks, and other waste associated with the care of the isolated person must be disposed of in a dedicated bag in the patient’s room and sealed tightly before being disposed of in an external garbage can.
  11. Avoid the sharing of common objects that could transmit the virus with the isolated person, such as toothbrushes, cigarettes, dishes and utensils, towels, bed sheets, etc. You can wash dishes and utensils with water and dish detergent.
  12. It is best to wash dishes in a dishwasher with a temperature of at least 65 °C. If a dishwasher is not available, dishes can be washed in hot water and dish detergent.  Ensure they fully dry in the drying rack. The utensils (plates, cups, cutlery and trays) of the people in isolation should be separate from those of other occupants, or they should use disposable utensils.
  13. All other household members must wash hands frequently.
  14. Practice strict hygiene.




As per Mrs. Biton, Balanit of Sanhedria Murchevet Mikvah


  • A woman must come to the mikvah after completing preparations.
  • She should spend the least time possible at the mikvah.
  • At some mikvahs, an appointment is required.
  • Entrance is permitted only with a mask.
  • It is highly recommended bringing your own towel and slippers.


  • A woman with a temperature above 38⁰ Celsius may not come to the mikvah.

Woman in Bidud

  • A woman in bidud may not go to the mikvah; whether in bidud because of a known exposure or because she arrived from chu”l.
  • A woman in bidud because of a known exposure counts her 14 days from the date of  exposure.

Rules for Attendants

  • Mikvah attendants must be present  with masks, gloves, alcohol, etc.
  • Attendants must take care to wash surfaces after each woman.
  • It is imperative for attendants to check mikvah water, at least 3 times during the same evening, regarding the chlorine level.
  • The mikvah water should be changed by the balan as needed.

Woman with a Family Member in Bidud

  • A woman who is not in bidud, but has a family member who is, should come later in the evening and be one of the last ones in the water.


10. New Rule for those arriving in Israel